Benefits Of Feeding Whole Cottonseed
Whole cottonseed is a triple-nutrient feed ingredient, containing protein, available fat and effective fiber.1 This unique compositionis especially valuable in cattle diets, making it a sought-after feedstuff for dairies, ranches and feedlots across the U.S.
One Feed Ingredient.
Three Key Nutrients.
Supports rumen function and digestive health.
The seed’s kernel is the source of its energy and protein. Its fiber is found in the short, white, hair-like strands, called linters, that remainon each seed following ginning. These tiny linters are the reason whole cottonseed is often referred to as “fuzzy.” This fuzz is not residualcotton lint, but rather cellulose, a highly effective source of fiber.
Why Whole Cottonseed?
Three Key Nutrients In One: Compared with other commonly available protein supplements, whole cottonseed is unique because it also supplies high levels of energy and fiber.2
Higher Milk Production and Butterfat: In trial after trial, whole cottonseed has been proven to increase both milkproduction and milk fat when added to dairy cow rations.3
Beneficial for Beef Cattle: Cotton byproducts, including whole cottonseed and cotton gin trash, are an effective sourceof fiber, fat and protein in feedlot rations without adverse effects on performance or carcass characteristics.4
Improved Body Condition: Research has shown that the fat in whole cottonseed improves body condition, which can lead to better reproductive performance.5
Highly Digestible: Whole cottonseed is highly digestible since its energy is primarily from fat. If fed at a reasonable level, it will not interfere with forage digestion the way starch in corn can.6,7
Widely Available: Since whole cottonseed is a byproduct of the cotton ginning process, it is widely available and often competitively priced.
Forage Extender: Whole cottonseed functions as an excellent high-fiber forage extender, especially if forage qualityis a concern.4
Hay Supplement: Can be used to supplement poor quality grass hay for pregnant and nursing cows to supply energyand protein.2
Nutrient Values For Whole Cottonseed8
- Dry Matter 90.1%
- Crude Protein 23.5%
- Crude Fat 19.3%
- Crude Fiber 23.7%
- NDF 50.3%
- Ash 4.2%
- Calcium .17%
- Phosphorus .6%
- Magnesium .37%
- Potassium 1.13%
- Sodium .002%
- Chloride .006%
- Sulfur .23%
- Copper, ppm 7
- Iron, ppm 94
- Manganese, ppm 18
- Zinc, ppm 37
- Molybdenum, ppm 1.3
*Values are on a dry matter basis.
Click your state, or the closest state with a cottonseed supplier marked by a dot, to find cottonseed suppliers nearby.
1Kellog, D. W., J. A. Pennington, Z. B. Johnson, and R. Panivivat. 2001. Survey of management practices used for the highest producing DHI herds in the Unites States. J. Dairy. Sci. 84:E120– E127. doi:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(01)70206–8
2Stewart, Lawton, and Johnny Rossi. “Using Cotton Byproducts in Beef Cattle Diets.” Soil & Crop Sciences, Texas A&M University website, Accessed August 6, 2020.
3Bernard, JK. Performance of Lactating Dairy Cows Fed Whole Cottonseed Coated with Gelatinized Cornstarch. J. Dairy. Sci., vol. 82, no. 6, 1 June 1999, pp. 1305–1309., doi:
4Warner, Andrea L, et al. Effects of utilizing cotton byproducts in a finishing diet on beef cattle performance, carcass traits, fecal characteristics, and plasma metabolites. J. Anim. Sci., 4 Feb. 2020, doi:10.1093/jas/skaa038.
5Comerford, JW. Added Fat in the Ration of Beef Cows to Enhance Reproduction. PennState Extension website. Available at: . January 2, 2014. Accessed June 2, 2020.
6Horner, J L, et al. “Effects of Niacin and Whole Cottonseed on Ruminal Fermentation, Protein Degradability, and Nutrient Digestibility.” J. Dairy. Sci. vol. 71, no. 5, May 1988, pp. 1239–1247., doi:https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(88)79679-4.
7Lardy, Greg. “Feeding Corn to Beef Cattle.” North Dakota State University website, May 2018, . Accessed September 29, 2020.
8Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. Seventh Revised ed. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press; 2001.